PegNet, a project initializing a decentralized, non-custodial network of tokens pegged (stabilized) to different currencies and assets built on top of the Factom blockchain, is readying its launch to mainnet.
According to the official post from the PegNet developers, mining is currently on the testnet and “barring any issues” will move to mainnet on August 20th (block height: 206,422) at which point Windows and Linux miners will also be provided.
PegNet is a fully auditable, open source stablecoin network using the competition of PoW and external oracles to converge on the prices of currencies and assets. Anyone can mine PNT, the token of PegNet which will be able to be converted into other PegNet assets in the future.
The PegNet will launch with 32 assets including 16 major currencies, 4 metals, and 12 cryptocurrencies. Each of these assets stands alone as a cryptocurrency token in the market, and are designated with a leading ‘p’. For example: pUSD is pegged to the US dollar.
To bootstrap the network the value of PNT will be pegged to 1 to 1 with the aggregated value of all the assets on the network. After PNT is listed on exchanges the peg will be removed and the PNT price will be allowed to float according to the market price on the exchanges.
Reserve based assets do not support the conversion between assets. The user is restricted to the liquidity of the reserve assets held on an exchange. The same is true for Ethereum smart contract-based stable coins. Further, reserve-based coins are not decentralized, and their viability is defined by the banks and institutions that hold their reserves.
Smart contract based stable coins are decentralized to a great degree, but involve leverage contracts that achieve stability through liquidation when the market pressure is forcing asset prices down. Further, smart contract coins are very complicated and it is hard to understand their implementation.
The PegNet only provides conversions between pegged assets. This is something neither reserve tokens or smart contract tokens can do, provides for payments and payment services, is decentralized, and works in bull and bear markets.
Price Stability Maintenance
Will be performed via arbitrage. For example, on an exchange, if pUSD dropped to $0.95, then it could be purchased at the discount (thus raising the price) while simultaneously burning pUSD at the $1.00 set by the external oracle within PegNet. With arbitrage, the profits can be left in any asset on the exchanges, such as USD, BTC, or any other asset.
PNT Block Rewards
The block rewards will be 5,000 PNT to 10 different miners. The best miner receives 800, second receives 600, and the other eight receive 450. Block times are 10 minutes (the block time of the Factom Protocol which PegNet is built on top of). The reward per block is not reduced over time.
Using the Factom Protocol a PegNet Chain will be created that defines the assets to be tracked by the PegNet. The chain will have an Asset Entry where its fields the assets to be tracked, as designated by ISO 4217 (where possible)
The PegNet operates as a decentralized exchange and will include a native wallet and explorer. Prices are reported by the PegNet mining community and, with their help, users are able to buy and sell currencies peer-to-peer.
Being that PegNet runs on the Factom blockchain, it requires a Factom Node and relies on Fatom Entry Credits in order to perform the mining action. It also requires access to APIs that will allow requests for real-time exchange rate data.